SIKET - Evaluation and further development of safety concepts for railway tunnels
For this reason, SIKET comprehensively reviews and validates the existing rules and procedures for the creation of safety concepts in order to increase passenger safety in the event of fire or disaster. All aspects will be reconsidered by the research partners. Thus, in addition to sociological studies on the behaviour of people in critical situations, the training of rescue forces and the coordination of the individual links in the rescue chain in emergency exercises are analysed and optimised.
STUVA, which has a wealth of experience in this field, will initially focus on the task of using 3D computer simulations (CFD field model KOBRA-3D) to visualise the spread of smoke in various line tunnels during fire events. The knowledge gained from these three-dimensional simulations will then form an important basis for practice scenarios that can be adapted to individual tunnels. The virtual reality of these simulated fires will later be used concretely for the training of rescue forces.
Taking into account the findings of all partners in the project, STUVA will develop a concept with which the optimisation potentials identified in the subprojects of the research network can be exploited as comprehensively as possible and adapted to concrete tunnels. This holistic safety and rescue concept will then be tested for its applicability in extensive large-scale exercises and, if necessary, adapted. At the end of the research project (2021), this concept will appear as a guideline.
In accordance with the holistic approach, the research partners of STUVA are broadly positioned in this joint project. For the first time, SIKET brings together standard-setting institutions such as EBA, operators such as DB AG, the most important players in the rescue chain, engineering perspectives on fire/smoke simulation and escape as well as social science perspectives.
Eisenbahn-Bundesamt (EBA), Bonn
Studiengesellschaft für Tunnel und Verkehrsanlagen – STUVA e.V., Köln
Deutsches Rotes Kreuz Bezirksverband Frankfurt am Main
Hessische Landesfeuerwehrschule, Kassel
Deutsche Bahn AG, Frankfurt am Main
IST GmbH, Frankfurt am Main
Bundesanstalt Technisches Hilfswerk (THW), Bonn
Berufsfeuerwehr Frankfurt, Frankfurt am Main
Regierungspräsidium Gießen, Gießen
Verband Deutscher Verkehrsunternehmen e.V. (VDV), Köln
International Fire Academy, Balsthal (Schweiz)
Schweizerische Bundesbahn AG, Bern (Schweiz)
Bundesamt für Verkehr, Bern (Schweiz)
Bundesministerium für Verkehr, Innovation und Technologie, Wien (Österreich)
Österreichische Bundesbahn, Wien (Österreich)
Meike Holtkämper, Eisenbahn-Bundesamt, E-Mail: HoltkaemperM@eba.bund.de